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Slender False Brome

Slender False Brome (Brachypodium sylvaticum). Photo Credit: WNY PRISM

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Common Name: Slender false brome
Scientific Name: Brachypoidium sylvaticum
Origin: North Africa and Eurasia

Description

Slender false brome is a perennial grass that grows in dense clumps. This species has long, drooping, bright green leaves 5-12 mm wide, which can be covered in long, sparse hairs or may be hairless. Its flowering stalks grow up to 2 ft. high with drooping inflorescences. The flowers bloom and form seed between June and September.

Habitat

Slender false brome can grow in forest understories, open meadows, riparian sites and forest edges. It is often along hiking trails and deer trails.

Threat

Slender false brome produces plentiful seeds which can easily spread on hiking equipment, footwear and on deer. It quickly forms dense, single-species colonies which crowd out understory plants. This plant is also not very palatable to wildlife or livestock.

Management

Spread prevention and containment efforts, which include cleaning off footwear, hiking gear and vehicles after entering infested areas, are important. Mowing and herbicide treatments are common control methods for this plant. Mowing year after year can exhaust the seed bank, but may need to be combined with other management methods to achieve full control. Hand pulling is recommended only for small patches, and should be done during the spring (prior to flowering).

Regional Distribution

Locally Common

Slender false-brome is know from only 1 location WNY and a couple of locations in the FL-PRISM region

Brachypodium sylvaticum Distribution Map - http://newyork.plantatlas.usf.edu

Brachypodium sylvaticum Distribution Map – http://newyork.plantatlas.usf.edu

 

For more information about slender false brome and management strategies, see the  False Brome Working Group website