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Great Lakes Center, SAMC 319
SUNY Buffalo State
1300 Elmwood Ave., Buffalo, NY 14222

(716) 878.4708


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Canada Thistle

Canada Thistle

Cirsium arvense

Canada thistle is a perennial thistle that grows 1.5-5 ft. tall. Canada thistle displaces native vegetation, lowering plant and animal diversity. It also poses an economic threat to farmers and ranchers, reducing crop yields and pasture productivity.

European Crane Fly

European Crane Fly

Tipula paludosa


Hayfields, pastures, turf grass, vegetable and small fruit crops

First sighting:

Erie and Niagara (2004)


Larvae (leatherjackets) feed on roots of hay, pastures, turf grass, sugar beets, turnips, and carrots, damaging growth of the plants.
Larvae also emerge to feed on stems and grass blades on damp, warm nights. Damage can also occur on golf greens from birds pecking out the larvae during the spring.



Galega officinalis

Goatsrue is an herbaceous, shrub-like, multi-stemmed and deep-rooted perennial legume that grows between 2 and 6 feet in height. Mature leaves are alternate and pinnately compound with six to ten pairs of leaflets.

Mile-a-minute vine (Persicaria perfoliata) fruit, Photo Credit: Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org.
Mile-A-Minute Vine

Mile-A-Minute Vine

Persicaria perfoliata

Mile-a-minute is an herbaceous, annual, trailing vine that can reach lengths of 6 m or more. Its stems are covered with barbs, which are also present on the underside of its leaf blades.

Spotted Lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula, Lateral, photo by Lawrence Barringer, Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
Spotted Lanternfly

Spotted Lanternfly

Lycorma delicatula

Spotted lanternfly has been found in Western New York, in the Buffalo area. The Department of Agriculture and Markets is asking for the public's assistance by reporting sightings.

Spotted Wing Drosophila

Spotted Wing Drosophila

Drosophila suzukii

Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, is an insect pest of economically valuable small fruit and tree fruit crops. Known in Oregon and the Pacific Northwest since about 2009, this species now appears to be established in many fruit growing regions around the country. Growers and researchers are working together to implement effective pest control strategies.

Swede Midge

Swede Midge

Contarinia nasturtii

Swede midges are small, light brown flies. They begin to emerge in May, lasting until mid-June. The adult females lay about 100 eggs throughout their short lifetime of 1-4 days.